Money and physics. Corpuscular-wave dualism. Quantum theory

The work of the Money Research Institute envisages the study of Money as energy, flux and field, possessing a standard quantum corpuscular-wave duality (cash-cash-electronic-crypto-currencies) and corresponding to the standard quantum model. To reveal comprehensively the nature of Money, the system and laws of its movement in order to put forward a comprehensive universal monetary formula.

Money and physical science

Money helps us measure the value of something. We use it to buy the goods and services we need. Money is also a means of exchanging and storing value. We can exchange money for other money or for other assets such as gold, shares, property etc. We can also store money in bank accounts or other places to use in the future.

Physics is the science of nature and its laws. Physics studies the phenomena that occur in the world (motion, electricity, magnetism, light, heat, sound, etc.). Physics also studies the structure, properties of matter and energy.

So what is the connection between money and physics?

It turns out that money and physics share common principles. For example:

– Money is subject to inflation and deflation. This means that the value of money can change over time depending on the supply and demand in the market. If money becomes more than goods and services, money loses its purchasing power (inflation). If there is less money than goods and services, money increases its purchasing power (deflation). Similarly, physics says that the temperature and pressure of a gas can change over time depending on the volume and number of particles of the gas. If the volume of a gas decreases while the number of particles is constant, the temperature and pressure of the gas increases (compression). If the volume of a gas increases with a constant number of particles, the temperature and pressure of the gas decrease (expansion).

– Money obeys the law of supply and demand. This means that the price of something is determined by how much people want it and how much of it is available. If people want something very much but there is not enough of it, the price goes up. If people don’t really want something but there is plenty of it, the price goes down. Similarly, physics says that the force of attraction between two bodies depends on how big and close those bodies are. If the bodies are very large and close, the force of attraction between them will be large. If the bodies are small and distant, the force of attraction between them will be small.

Here are a few more aspects where physics and money may overlap:

1. economics and physics. Economic systems can be studied using the methods and principles of physics. For example, there are models based on physical principles to describe the behaviour of markets and financial instruments.

2. Financial markets and statistical physics. Many aspects of financial markets, such as stock prices, changes in exchange rates and interest rates, can be described and analysed using methods used in statistical physics.
For example, random walk and Black-Scholes models are based on the principles of random processes and statistical mechanics.

3. Physics and Technology. Physical principles play an important role in the development of technologies that are directly related to finance. For example, the physics of quantum computing and cryptography became the basis for the development of cryptocurrencies and blockchain technologies.

4. energy and finance. The energy sector is closely linked to the financial sector. Financing and investing in energy production and distribution projects requires the evaluation of physical parameters (energy production potential, seasonal variations and grid capacity).

Money is thus a social invention that depends on trust, agreements and rules. Physics is a natural science that depends on observations, experiments and laws. Money and physics share a common logic that can be used to analyse different phenomena in the world.

Money and corpuscular-wave dualism

Corpuscular-wave dualism is one of the basic principles of quantum physics.

Money and corpuscular-wave dualism are two concepts that belong to different fields of knowledge and may seem unrelated to each other.

Corpuscular-wave dualism means that elementary particles, such as electrons or photons, can exhibit properties of both particles and waves depending on the circumstances. For example, electrons can diffract into slits like waves or collide with other particles like balls.

Money, too, has a dual nature. On the one hand, they are a medium of exchange and store of value, that is, they function as particles. On the other hand, they are a symbol and expression of social relations, that is, they function as waves.

Money can be used to buy goods and services and to invest in projects (as particles). Or they can be used to support charitable organisations, to demonstrate status and prestige (as waves).

So how do we understand when money behaves like particles and when it behaves like waves? The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle can help us here, which states that it is impossible to measure the position and momentum of a particle at the same time accurately. In the same way, it is impossible to simultaneously measure the material and social value of money accurately. The more we focus on one aspect, the more we lose information about the other.

For example, if we think of money only as a medium of exchange and store of value, we ignore its symbolic and emotional value. If we think of money only as an expression of social relations, we forget its purchasing power and risks.

Thus, money and corpuscular-wave dualism have much in common. They show that reality is not as simple and unambiguous as we think it is.

They require us to be flexible and creative in our thinking and behaviour, opening up new opportunities and challenges.

History of corpuscular-wave dualism

The concept of corpuscular-wave dualism comes from the field of physics. It has been explored by many scientists.

Louis de Broglie was a French theoretical physicist who first described the wave properties of particles (in his doctoral thesis in 1924). His hypothesis about the wave nature of electrons later found experimental confirmation and formed the basis of wave mechanics.

Albert Einstein. Developed the concept of the quantum theory of light. He stated that light can manifest itself both as waves and as a stream of particles, which he called photons. His work on the photoelectric effect gave rise to quantum mechanics.

Niels Bohr was a Danish physicist who developed a model of the atom that included quantum principles and the wave properties of electrons. This became one of the fundamental principles of quantum mechanics.

Werner Heisenberg. Contributed to the development of matrix mechanics. Formulated the uncertainty principle, which is closely related to dualism in quantum physics.

Erwin Schrödinger. Created wave mechanics and an equation (the Schrödinger equation) that describes how wave functions evolve in time.

Max Planck. His work on quantum theory and the introduction of the quantum of action created the basis for quantum mechanics.

These and many other physicists explored and developed the concepts underlying corpuscular-wave dualism.

It should be emphasised that the application of this physical concept to money is more a philosophical or metaphorical reflection than a scientific one

Standard quantum model of money

The standard quantum model of money is a model that is based on the idea that money is a quantum object that has the properties of superposition and entanglement.

This model allows to explain some paradoxes and anomalies occurring in modern economics (negative interest rates, deflation, inflation, etc.).

Quantum mechanics is a branch of physics that studies the behaviour of elementary particles at the microscopic level. One of the basic principles of quantum mechanics is the superposition principle, which states that a quantum object can be in more than one state at a time until a measurement occurs. We observe that an electron can be in two places at the same time. When we measure an electron, we get one particular value of its parameters.

Another important property of quantum objects is entanglement, which means that two or more quantum objects can be entangled in such a way that the state of one depends on the state of the other, even if they are far apart.

We can think of money as quantum objects that can be in a superposition of different values and entangled with other money.

Negative interest rates are the phenomenon of paying interest rather than receiving it for keeping money in the bank or buying bonds. This may seem absurd from the point of view of classical economics, but from the point of view of the quantum model it im